Tokyo is the capital of Japan and of Tokyo prefecture. Greater Tokyo is one of the most populous metropolitan area in the world.
The history of the city of Tokyo stretches back some 400 years. Originally named Edo, the city started to flourish after Tokugawa Ieyasu established the Tokugawa Shogunate here in 1603. As the center of politics and culture in Japan, Edo grew into a huge city with a population of over a million by the mid-eighteenth century. Today, with a population of about 13 million, it has grown into the largest of the 47 prefectures of Japan and indeed one of the greatest metropolises in the world. Comprising 23 special wards, 26 cities, 5 towns, and 8 villages, Tokyo is the center of various activities in Japan including politics, economy, and culture. In 1964, Tokyo became the first city in Asia to host the modern Summer Olympic Games. Then, in 2020, Tokyo is going to host the Summer Olympic Games, again.
Located geographically at roughly the center of the Japanese archipelago and in the southern part of the Kanto region, Tokyo shares borders with Chiba Prefecture to the east, separated by the Edogawa River; Yamanashi to the west, by a mountain range; Kanagawa to the south, by the Tamagawa River; and Saitama to the north. With a total area of 2,187 square kilometers, it is the third smallest administrative division in the country. And yet as compact as it is, the land unfolding from east to west is rich in topographical features, from lowlands of only 4 meters above sea level to scatterings of mountains, hills, and plateaus reaching 2,000 meters high, and extends even to the volcanic Izu Islands and the Ogasawara Islands in the Pacific Ocean.
Tokyo lies in a temperate zone and enjoys a relatively mild, comfortable climate throughout the four seasons. In Autumn, heats exceeding 30°C can linger into September. But the temperature and humidity drop gradually to usher in the crisp, comfortable autumn. Around late October, leaves start to tinge with red in the Okutama area, and the beautiful sight then spreads throughout the rest of Tokyo.
There are many interesting spots to see in Tokyo. Some of them are shown here. Please visit http://www.gotokyo.org/en/index.html to see more detailed information about Tokyo.
You can find various kinds of Tokyo guide books (electronic version)
about shopping, accommodation, transportation, etc. at the following website:
Tokyo Digital Pamphlet Gallery
Ooedo Onsen Monogatari. More grown-up attractions include pleasure-boat cruises.